What is Cheque endorsement?

Endorsement is the mode of negotiating the Negotiable Instrument. It is derived from the Latin term ‘en’ means ‘upon’ and ‘dorsum’, ‘the back’. At learning Perspectives, We see the world differently and we want you to take a deep dive into this world to understand various management concepts in a different than usual manner. In the following section, we are going to discuss each endorsement in detail. Become Premium to read the whole document.

endorsement in bank

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When the endorser restricts further negotiation of instrument. For example if it is written that ‘Pay to Mr. Kuber only’. The scene that you saw is from the movie Ghost. You can see Oda Mae Brown has formed a connection with the other world, where she can clearly hear Sam wheat who is already dead . Oda Mae Brown has a cheque of $ 4 million in the name of Rita Miller, for which Sam wheat was killed. He asks her to donate the money to St. Joseph’s Shelter by endorsing the cheque she has.

Endorsement under negotiable Instrument Act, 1881

Private and public banks offer many features to the customers. From opening savings accounts to giving credit cards and home loans, the list of product offerings and features is diverse and long. I will share with you, what is endorsement in banking and other relevant details. The explanation will help you choose appropriate services. Crossing a cheque means that it cannot be transferred to anyone else. These cheques can only be credited to the payee’s account.

endorsement in bank

A cheque can be endorsed any number of times. This means that a person can give it to someone, who can give it to someone else and the same can be continued multiple times. However, the bank may seek further information before crediting the amount in the account of the last person to whom the cheque is endorsed i.e. the final beneficiary of the cheque. It was held that the effect of endorsement is that the legal title passes to the transferee and the transferee is therein entitled to demand, receive or sue for money which is to be paid under that instrument. If the endorser also directs to pay to a certain person or to his order, endorsement is said to be be ‘in full’ or special endorsement.

For example- a bearer cheque (of State Bank of India- Parliament Street New Delhi Branch) is drawn by Mr. A in favour of Mr. B. And Mr. B endorses the same to Mr.C. Now in case, Mr.C wants to liquidate the amount of CHEQUE IN CASH, he has to present the cheque in State Bank of India-Parliament endorsement in bank Street New Delhi Branch only. If Mr.C presents this in some other branch, amount would be paid in his account and not in cash. Jeet issued a cheque in favor of Sohini and Sohini decides to endorse the cheque to Adrija, by writing Adrija’s name behind the cheque given to her.

Crossed Cheque

Facultative Endorsement is an underwriting where the endorser defers some privilege to which he is entitled. For instance, the endorsee is subject to pull out of disrespect to the endorser, and typically inability to pull out will vindicate the endorser from his risk. In an act of endorsement, there are mainly two persons – Endorser and Endorsee who initiates the act overall. An order cheque is a cheque where only the person or party in whose name the cheque has been drawn, can withdraw the cash. Sec 15 of the Negotiable Instruments Act 1881 defines the term ‘endorsement’.

This is all from my end on what is endorsement in banking. When the endorsement contains not only the signature of the endorser but also the name of the person in whose favour the endorsement is made, then it is an endorsement in full. Thus, when endorsement is made by writing the words “Pay to A or A’s order,” followed by the signature of the endorser, it is an endorsement in full. In such an endorsement, it is only the endorsee who can transfer the instrument.

endorsement in bank

This can be done by holder without his signatures by writing name above the endorser’s signatures. There is no difference between a bill or note indorsed in blank and one payable to bearer. They can both be negotiated by delivery.

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The person to whom the instrument is being endorsed is known as the endorsee. While the person who is making the endorsement is known as the endorser. If a cheque is crossed and “Account Payee Only” or “Not Negotiable” is written on it, then it means that the cheque cannot be endorsed to anybody else. The cheque has to be necessarily collected by the banker of the payee on his behalf. In case, part payment of bill has been made and a note to that effect has been given in the instrument, it can be endorsed only for the balance unpaid amount.

  • These endorsements exclude the right of further negotiation by C.
  • There is a heading added by Endorsement to the individual indicated called the endorsee of the instrument who presently turns into its payee qualified to sue for the cash due on the instrument.
  • It is an endorsement when the endorser merely signs on the instrument without mentioning the name of the person in whose favour the endorsement is made.
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  • The explanation will help you choose appropriate services.

Where an endorser so excludes his liability and afterwards becomes the holder of the instrument, all intermediate endorsers are liable to him. In such a case the person is not liable as the endorser on the bill. In other words, the person transferring such an instrument does not incur all the liabilities of an endorser. Endorsement- The word ‘endorsement’ under the Negotiable Instruments Act means, the writing of one’s name on the back of the instrument or any paper attached to it with the intention of transferring the rights therein. The person who effects an endorsement is called an ‘endorser’, and the person to whom negotiable instrument is transferred by endorsement is called the ‘endorsee’. The holder of a negotiable instrument may sign his or her name on the back of that instrument, which replicates the transfer of title or ownership of that negotiable instrument, this process is termed as an endorsement.

The maker or the drawer cannot endorse the instrument but if any of them has become the holder thereof he may endorse the instrument. However, an endorsement for the part amount of a negotiable instrument does not operate as a legally valid endorsement. When a bank endorses a client, no matter the type of endorsement. It is generally accompanied by negotiable instruments .


Adrija can endorse the same cheque to any other person in the same way. Now, if the cheque has finally come to Param then the bank could ask for details from Param when he approaches the bank to receive the cash. The endorser excludes his liability and in case of dishonor, endorser will not be liable for payment. Blank endorsement can be converted to full endorsement by writing name of endorsee.

A Negotiable instrument as stated under Sec 13 of the Negotiable Instrument Act 1881 can be transferred in the following modes – 1. A partial endorsement is one which purports to transfer to the endorsee a part only of the amount payable on the instrument. Such an endorsement does not operate as a negotiation of the instrument. EndorsementAs you saw in the scene, one needs to sign at the back of the financial instrument. In this case, Oda Mae Brown signs with the name of Rita Miller on the back of the cheque and also writes the name of Saint Joseph’s Shelter . In this way, that cheque of $ 4 million is transferred to the shelter.

In this blog, we will try to understand what exactly endorsement of cheque means. The endorsement is complete only after delivery https://1investing.in/ of endorsed instrument to the endorsee. Indiankanoon.org needs to review the security of your connection before proceeding.

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The endorsee under a restrictive endorsement acquires all the rights of the endoser except the right of negotiation. The endorsement of an instrument may contain terms making it restrictive. The maker or drawer cannot endorse or negotiate an instrument unless he is in lawful possession of instrument or is the holder there of. A payee or indorsee cannot endorse or negotiate unless he is the holder there of.

Needs to review the security of your connection before proceeding. If I was asked to define endorsement meaning in banking in one sentence. I would just say ‘it is an assurance that the bank will uphold the commitments of its client’. Endorsements are used between the client, bank and international parties as well. When two parties don’t know each other, the endorsement given by the bank creates a feeling of mutual trust amongst everyone.

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